Why Rwanda? A mountainous landscape of swampy marshes, plateaus and magnificent animals. Nestled in between the borders of Burundi, Uganda, Tanzania and the Democratic of the Congo the country is divided in the north by magnificent volcanic peaks.
~ The Virunga mountain range stands tall and Lake Kivu for exploring the Congo Nile Trail that extends along this stunning coastline.
~ Christianity is the main religion in the country, Kinyarwanda is the principal language spoken with French and English the country's official language.
WHEN TO TRAVEL
Rwanda has a temperate climate due to it’s high altitude, this small mountainous country rarely see's temperatures climbing above 25 degrees.
Dec to Feb
Rainfall is starting to ease as the dry season begins, January brings moderate temperatures with seasonal rains increasing again in February.
March to May
The long rainy season has begun with April being the wettest month of the year. May brings consistent rainfall through out the day.
Jun to Sep
The long dry season starts with the rain easing and days are clear. Temperatures are warmer and the recommended time to visit Rwanda.
Oct to Nov
This is the start of the shorter rainy season, daytime temperatures are warm and humid.
One third of Africa’s endangered mountain gorillas live in Rwanda, while other primate species such as the chimpanzee live in Nyungwe National Park, known to be one of the largest montain forests on earth.
Majestic mountain gorilla’s, memories and pure nature.
Picturesque scenery in a remote corner of the earth, where memories and creatures are unforgettable. The region, home to eight ancient volcanoes and the endangered mountain Gorilla. Families habituate in the lush bamboo forests.
The highly endangered, charismatic and majestical creature, the gorilla is fascinating. The dedicated zoologist, conservationist Dian Fossey made it her life work studying and protecting these animals. Gorilla families are led by a dominant male, at around the age of 12 the hair on his back will change to a silvery colour. He will weigh a massive 200 kgs or more and all other males in the group will submissive to his authority. A adult female around the age of 8 will weigh approx. 70 - 130 kgs and her reproduction years start from 12 onwards. On average the female gorilla will have anywhere from 3 - 5 children in her lifetime. The life span of a mountain gorilla can range from 40 - 50 years. They are distinctly different than their lowland counterparts.
Gorilla families are found on the bamboo slopes of the Virunga volcanoes, their habitat has been widely reduced with human growth, disease and poaching.
Susa: one of the largest groups with 38 gorillas. This family is the hardest to trek as it tends to range high into the mountains. The group is known for having rare 5 year old twins named Byishimo and Impano.
Sabyinyo: lead by the powerful silverback Guhonda, the numbers are less than other groups and consist of a dominant Silverback, adult females, adolescent females, young gorillas and a baby. Kampanga, Gukanda, Gihishamwotsi, Icyereyeza, Shirimpumu, Isheja Big Ben and Ijicho.
Agashya: previously known as Group 13, the group has increased to approx. 22 individuals currently commanded by Agashya meaning "news". Agashya challenged Nyakarima after spending most of his time observing the strengths and weaknesses of his subject. Agashya won the challenge and has since managed to increase the numbers from 12 to 22. The group is located closer to the volcano, incase of danger he often moves the group further to the top. The group members consist of Munezero, Ahazara, Tunero, Icyuzuzo, Intango, Kwisonga, Rugendo, Safari, Akogo, Korema, Irkundwa, Isano, Dusangire, Gosinking and Urmuli.
Amahoro: means calm, peaceful in Kinyarwanda, the group consists of 19 individuals and takes after its actual meaning of a peaceful group. It has a dominant Silverback, black backs, adult females, sub adult males, juveniles and baby gorilla’s.
Umubano: meaningly neighbours is a family of 13. Originally Amahoro members, they broke away after the dominant silverback was challenged by Charles, the now the leader of Umubano. When a young silverback challenges the dominant silverback he must steal a few existing females from the group, in order to form his own family.
Kwitonda: a group of 23 it is led by Kwitonda which means “humble one” it has two silverbacks and one black back. This group has migrated from DRC and tends to range over vast area, making it a moderately difficult trek.
Hirwa: a new group of 18 that has recently emerged and was formed from different existing families, namely from Group 13 and Sabyinyo. Led by Munyinya, it will be interesting to watch this family grow.
A land less known, rolling landscapes with a old mountain rainforest found nowhere else.
Intriguing diversity, Africa’s oldest mountain forest in Nyungwe National Park. Believed by scientist’s to be a place within Africa that sheltered species of wildlife during the ice age.
There are a wide range of hiking trails and for the avid birder there are over 280 species of birdlife to be found. Endangered species include the Madagascar Pond Heron, Grauer’s Swamp Warbler and the Red collared babbler.
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