~ Over 42 known tribes, the Bantu community makes up a majority of the country's local residents. Also home to the second highest mountain in East Africa, Mount Kenya.

~ The country’s diverse habitat open’s up endless opportunities to explore wildlife. Wildlife areas such as the Masai Mara Game reserve, Lake Nakuru, Tsavo East & West and Amboseli National Parks, are only a few of the natural wonders that can be seen. Kenya's colourful history of a colonial era are reflected in much of the country's architecture.

~ Baroness Karen von Blixen’s home and memoirs “Out of Africa” still live on today. At the foot of Ngong Hills, the area was donated by the Danish in 1964 to the Kenyan government. The independence gift was opened as one of Kenya’s national museums in 1986.

~ Kiswahili and English are the official languages, the latter more widely spoken within schooling and government areas. Samburu tribesman of the north, are related to the nomadic Masai, though distinctively different in their cultural dress and semi nomadic ways.

WHEN TO TRAVEL

The equator running through the central plateau of Laikipia, allows temperatures to be consistent year round. The northern arid desert of Lake Turkana is mainly dry with the occasional rain. Kenya is a popular destination to visit any time of the year, though the best times are generally outside of the rainy seasons, when wildlife is abundant. The long rains start towards the end of March through to May, with the shorter rains in November.
Coastal areas are affected by the northerly monsoon winds of the Kaskazi, moving down from the northern gulf November to March. The Kusi a southerly wind that move's along the Swahili Coast of Kenya and Tanzania, from April to September. The Kaskazi relieves the somewhat humid heat of summer and the Kusi brings long rains that generally last from April to early June. Scuba Diving or snorkelling are best done from late September to March.

REGION FOCUS

Kenya a country rich in wildlife, culture and colourful smiles that will definitely brighten up your day. Scenic views from the Great Valley Rift escarpment spread as far to Lake Nakuru, where pink coloured flamingos cover this soda lake. The Masai Mara plays an important part of the annual migration of wildebeest and zebra every year. It has a high concentration of resident game such as giraffe, hippo, elephant, lions, leopards and rhino.
The northern frontier of Turkana is a dry arid desert, and home to the Turkana people. Nomadic pastoralists that keep goats, camels, donkeys and cattle. The Elmoro tribe live on the southern shores of Lake Turkana and Mount Kenya the second highest mountain in Africa stands tall. The mountain is home to antelope, colobus monkeys and cape buffalo. On the coast is Lamu Island and the Old Town of Lamu, the oldest preserved town, inhabited for over 700 years.

Great lakes, desert oasis’s and northern frontiers.

One of Kenya’s most prominent features is the Great Rift Valley. The contrast of lush highlands to the soda lakes of the valley floor, is just spectacular. In this region are a few extraordinary wildlife conservancies and national parks.

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In honour of the Masai people, the Masai Mara National Reserve is best described as the area looked on from afar. “Mara” in Masai language means “Maa” for “spotted” large reflections from various circle shaped clouds or scrub that shadow over the savanna.

Wildlife is abundant in the Mara reserve, playing its part with neighbour Tanzania to host the wildebeest and zebra annual migration. Wildebeest circulate through the Mara triangle and further north up into the Mara
conservancy.

As one of the most fascinating ecosystems, the savanna is alive with plains game and roaming predators. In the early morning as the sun starts to rise, hot air balloons float above watching wildlife as they come to life.
Just across the border of the Tanzania, lays Amboseli’s oasis desert landscape. Entering the park, the open dry savanna plains greet you, in the distance green permanent swamps are occupied by herds of elephant. They create a spectacular contrast against the towering backdrop of Mt Kilimanjaro.

Amboseli has one of the densest populations of elephants, approximately 1500 roam throughout the park. During the dry season you will see these magical creatures turn into a shade of grey or black, as herds spend their days in the centrally located Enkongo Narok swamp. The swamps are perennial and natural springs, ice glaciers melt into the volcanic rocks of Mt Kilimanjaro feeding underground rivers.

The long rains of April, help to fill these swamps through the dry season and the short rains of November. If you are lucky, rarer game can be seen in outer areas of Amboseli such as generuk and the fringe eared oryx. Plains game consists of coke’s hartebeest, eland, burchells zebra, wildebeest and you will often see the smaller mammals such as the black backed Jackal slinking around. Popular predators are the main attraction lion, leopard, buffalo, spotted hyena and the infamous giraffe, posing in the background for that perfect Kilimanjaro picture.

With over 400 species of birdlife, October to December migrant birds from the northern hemisphere arrive in Amboseli. The mix of local and migratory species makes birdwatching a rewarding experience. Sightings of Kittlitz’s plovers and endemic birds such as the Two banded courser, are generally only found on the salt flats of Amboseli. Kingfishers, egrets and fish eagles are just a few additional species to be seen.

Nomadic Masai live on the edge of the park herding cattle daily to feed. Tourism is playing an important part to keep the balance between wildlife and human existence.
Just north of the town of Nanyuki, lies Laikipia. The vast area starts close to the snow capped peaks of Mt Kenya and continues all the way to the edge of the Rift Valley. Laikipia is joined together by a community of small to medium ranches. Substance farmers have designed this area to protect wildlife and to give you the experience of viewing those living here in harmony.

Some of the most intimate lodges have been established as a way of injecting tourism revenue back into the conservancy. Laikipia has become a wildlife sanctuary for elephant, buffalo, lion and leopard. A anti poaching unit has been organised to protect, monitor all wildlife in the area. Included here are few endemic species of wildlife such as grevy’s zebra, the reticulated giraffe and African wild dog. The endangered black rhino is well at home here and if you are an avid birder there are over 350 species of birdlife to be seen.
The northern frontier of Kenya, this arid desert area has left behind any part of the country that is luscious and green. Lodwar, a big but small town is the last port of call before heading out to the largest saline lake in East Africa. Whilst you may think that some areas are devoid of life, the lake is a breeding ground for the Nile crocodile, hippos and a stopover for the migratory water fowl. One existing perennial river that flows into the lake is the Omo River. It makes up approximately 90% of the lakes total inflow.

Seasonal rivers Turkwell and Kerio are also large contributors, making it the highest out of any of the African lakes. The lake has no outlet and majority of water is lost to evaporation. Eliye Springs on the western side of the lake, is a refreshing oasis, the glimpse of green breaks an otherwise barron landscape.

Ancient lava fields and historic towns.

The Swahili coast of Kenya, full of beautiful and remote beaches, some more popular than others. The old historic town of Lamu, will make you take a step back in time. Not forgetting two of Kenya’s less travelled national parks Tsavo East and Tsavo West.

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One of Kenya’s oldest and interesting national parks is Tsavo East. Tucked away in the south eastern area of the country, it was renamed in 1948. Taken over by the Kenyan government in 1963, the park hasn't been without its challenges. Elephant ivory poaching over the years has destroyed a large number of these majestic creatures.

The east and west park's were originally joined before being divided by the Mombasa highway, the west is characterised by lava rocks and natural springs. While the east is relatively larger than its sister and infamous for the Tsavo lions.

The lions are notably different than any of the other species. The maneless males are different in size, colouration and participate in hunting. Infamously known as the Tsavo man eaters due to attacks on railway workers back in 1898.

Tsavo east consists of dry flat plains and features the Yatta Plateau, a lava flow which is approximately 290 kms long and formed from Ol Doinyo Sabuk Mountain. As one of the world’s largest game reserves it is home to array of wildlife such as caracal, Tanzania cheetah, bat eared fox, ground pangolin and large spotted genet.

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